Causes, symptoms and treatment of genital herpes
We all saw these pale blisters on the lips, redness and peeling of the skin ... Not the most attractive picture, it’s worth saying bluntly.
However, the irony is that such a picture can easily appear on the penis, bringing with it a burning sensation, intolerable itching and many ulcers.
All this is genital herpes. Where does the disease come from, how does it look and how to get rid of it?
What about the disease in men?
Herpes is a disease that is caused by the herpes simplex virus. If the first type of HSV-1 is usually localized on the mucous membranes of the mouth, eyes and nose, the second type of HSV-2 affects the mucous membranes and skin of the genitals, the skin of the inguinal region. Despite the fact that there are two types of herpes, each of them is able to affect the genitals of a man, and the development of infection can occur when both types of the virus are affected.
Through microtrauma and ruptures of the skin and tissues of the penis, virions enter the body of a man and accumulate in the nerve fibers of the sacral spinal cord. Due to a number of provoking factors, the herpes virus can activate and return to the site of infection through the nerve pathways, causing itching and rash.
No doubt you can get genital herpes through the use of common household items - towels, linen. But after the liquid containing the virus dries, the vibrios lose their activity and danger to others. Often a man becomes a carrier of genital herpes, personally transferring it to the genitals, for example, wiping his lips with his hand, and then touching the penis. The vertical route of transmission of the disease (from the mother) is quite rare.
The genital herpes virus has considerable danger for one simple reason: after infection, most patients do not have any clinical manifestations, and disease symptoms can appear in only 10% of the carriers of the virus. That is why the first case of the disease can not be considered really the first: sexual intercourse rarely becomes a cause of infection, more often - only an incentive to weaken the body's defenses and manifestations of existing herpes. The appearance of a herpetic rash can provoke a number of different factors:
- weakened immunity of a man,
- other infectious diseases
- stress and emotional stress,
- passive lifestyle.
What is genital herpes?
With typical herpes, the skin and mucous membranes of the external genitalia always have a lesion. Localization of the genital rash is first observed on the external genitalia in the perineum.
In people with a persistent immune system, the disease is often asymptomatic. The infection is detected using the data of a virological examination, in which the selection of pathogenic agents obtained from the smear occurs.
Atypical forms of herpes are detected in the treatment of a chronic inflammatory process in the pelvic organs in women after diagnostic studies.
Causes of herpes on the genitals and pubis
There are several types of herpetic virus, only two of them cause genital virus: HSV-1 and HSV-2 (HSV stands for "herpes simplex virus"). The first gives 20, and the second - 80 percent of infections. Rashes appear on the skin and mucous membranes - on the pubis, in the inguinal region, on the genitals, sometimes on the hips and buttocks. Read about herpes on the pope in the next article.
Here are the reasons why a person gets sick:
- weakened immune system
- neglect of hygiene standards,
- early onset of sexual activity
- frequent change of sexual partners, messy contacts,
- any existing sexual infections that make the body more vulnerable.
At risk are young people from 16 to 22 years old who start a sexual relationship. There is a great danger of infection also in adults 30-35 years old, who are already quite experienced in sex and do not consider it necessary to use contraceptives. If we talk about the preferences of the virus by gender, then herpes is more likely to choose a female body - it is more susceptible to hormonal changes and the associated weakening of immunity (for example, before menstruation).
What does genital herpes look like?
Provoked genital herpes (photo 1) a virus of the first or second type. In most patients, symptoms of genital herpes are provoked by the penetration of the second type of virus into the body. Signs of genital herpes are localized directly in the genital area. Outwardly, a herpetic rash looks like bubbles protruding above the surface of the skin, filled with a clear liquid. Around the rash, hyperemic areas with uneven edges appear, and the bubbles themselves are painful when touched. Yellowing of the contents of the bubbles indicates their opening soon. In the last stage of genital herpes, the vesicles burst and turn into wounds that heal in a few days.
Urogenital herpes (photo below) is able to increase the temperature - it can reach 38 degrees and above. Men and women experience not only soreness, but also muscle aches, genital herpes also provokes problems with urination.
Which doctor should be consulted for suspected illness?
Many doctors believe that having acquired herpes, a person dooms himself to constant and regular rashes, which can not be cured. Alas, this opinion is also widespread among ordinary people: men are often sure that since the disease has already hit the body, there is no point in treating it. However, the situation is actually different: the appropriate treatment can so weaken the vibrios that the man will not have exacerbations of the disease for at least several years.
In addition, untreated herpes can cause prostatitis, prostate cancer, can be transmitted to the sexual partner and terminate the pregnancy. Do not forget about it if in the future you want to have children and live a full life! To protect yourself from a possible exacerbation of a chronic disease, a man should consult a dermatovenerologist and urologist.
How is it transmitted and how can it be infected
Infection usually occurs through sexual contact - traditional, anal or oral. But there are other ways to transmit the virus:
- airborne droplet (provided that the person who has been infected has mucous membranes or open wounds),
- from mother to baby during childbirth,
- self-infection (a person transfers infection from inflamed parts of the body to his own genitals),
- blood transfusion performed without proper precautions,
- household route (in which pathogens enter the body of another victim through an open wound on the skin with a damp towel, handkerchief or swimsuit for a sick person).
The degree of infectiousness of genital herpes is extremely high: if one partner is infected and his disease is in an acute stage, then the second partner will get sick after sexual intercourse with a 100% “guarantee”.
Primary genital herpes can detect itself with characteristic manifestations 3-14 days after infection. Symptoms of the disease persist in one person - 1-2 weeks, in another - more than a month (depending on the state of health and the reliability of the immune system). All this time, a person is already contagious and potentially dangerous for those who come into close contact with him.
By the way, experts say about the possibilities of safe intimate relationships: during an exacerbation, it is advisable to refuse sex, since even a condom will not protect the partner from infection. The fact is that the herpes virus can be located not only on the genitals, but also on other areas of the skin that look quite healthy and “put to sleep”.
Oral sex is especially dangerous with a person who has a cold on his lips. However, a different situation is also possible: if one partner's genitals are affected by the virus, then the other has a risk of infection of the lips during oral sex. There is nothing surprising in this, because both the lips and the genitals are affected by the same viruses - HSV-1 and HSV-2.
About how to quickly treat cold sores on the lip, we talked about in this article.
In the following material you will find instructions for use and reviews on Flucinar ointment.
We described the symptoms and treatment of cytomegalovirus in women and children in this article.
Primary genital herpes
Symptoms of herpes developing in the genital area appear for the first time due to a weakening of the body's protective functions. The blistering rashes caused by the herpes simplex virus are the place where pathogenic microflora propagate. Affected areas open the entrance of aggressive microflora into the lymph and blood.
In a primary infection, viruses invade the nerve endings of the skin or mucous membrane. Then the pathogens reach the sensitive ganglia of the central nervous system, where they remain until the end of the life of the infected, releasing intelligence cells that check the level of immunity.
The blistering rashes caused by the herpes simplex virus are the place where pathogenic microflora propagate.
Genital herpes in women
Looks like genital herpes in women (photo 2) crowded bubbles that burst a few days after ripening. At the initial stage, the symptoms of herpes type 2 in women appear on the skin with itching, burning and soreness, and by the end of the first day you can notice small rashes with a clear liquid inside. Gynecological herpes progresses rapidly - if the bubbles filled with the infected liquid burst, then the risk of new rash islets is high. Herpes on the genitals of women leaves wounds that heal on average about ten days.
Genital herpes occurs in women about seven to ten days after sexual contact with an infected partner. A herpetic rash appears on the genitals of a woman, even if the sexual partner did not have herpes in an intimate place, but suffered from rashes in the lips, chin and other parts of the body.
Genital herpes may appear in girls during puberty. Genital herpes during pregnancy (photo in gal.) in the later stages - a frequent companion of expectant mothers, in which there is a high risk of infecting the baby. Herpes on the body can provoke it during pregnancy, because during pregnancy, the pregnant woman’s immunity is weakened, and the virus can migrate to the intimate area. Genital herpes during pregnancy requires special approaches to therapy.
Causes of genital herpes
Factors that provoke the development of herpes on the genitals:
- Excessive consumption of spicy, salty, fried, smoked food.
- Alcohol abuse.
- Maintaining a promiscuous sex life.
- Failure to comply with the basic rules of intimate hygiene.
- Wearing synthetic underwear.
- The use of synthetic gaskets by women.
- Decreased immunity.
Even the "neglected" herpes can be cured at home. Just remember to drink once a day.
Quite often, genital herpes develops in expectant mothers. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy the hormonal background of a woman changes, while reducing the resistance of her body to the vital activity of pathogenic bacteria.
Symptoms and features of genital herpes
It was previously believed that only the second type of pathogen could affect the epithelium of the mucous membranes and genital skin. But the variety of genital transmission pathways led to the involvement of the 1st type in the infection process, which traditionally caused a rash in the mouth and on the skin of the lips.
Symptoms of different types of genital herpes are characterized by an abundance of rashes and the severity of the course. The first type causes fewer bubbles and is less likely to aggravate compared to the second.
A feature of the herpes virus is its dependence on the host: the pathogen does not contain an apparatus for reproduction and can reproduce only with the help of the genetic material of human cells. This explains the lifelong carriage of the herpes virus.
Infection with genital herpes occurs sexually and through a household mechanism (less commonly).
In the area of penetration of the virus, the first symptoms of infection occur. Often in places where the virus has penetrated the skin or mucous membranes, there is little damage.
Primary infection occurs soon after sexual debut, so the highest incidence rates are recorded among young people.
Knowing what herpes looks like in intimate places, you can take measures to curb the infectious process. It is impossible to get rid of genital herpes, but by following a number of rules, complications can be prevented.
After the first contact in herpes, carriage with periodic relapses forms. Primary infection is somewhat different from relapse.
Modern features of this genital infection are asymptomatic, even at the first manifestation.
This is due to the predominance of type 1 herpes in the structure of the incidence rate, which causes fewer symptoms.
What does herpes look like in men?
Photo 1: symptoms of the initial stage of exacerbation of herpes.
Photo 2: vesicles with a clear liquid appear on the skin of the penis with genital herpes.
Photo 3: then the rashes on the skin of the penis turn into sores.
Photo 4: the disease can affect both the skin of the penis and its mucous membranes.
Photo 5: herpes often passes to the glans penis.
Photo 6: acute phase of the disease: as a sign - suppuration in sores.
Photo 7: itchy pimples can appear even inside the urethra.
Photo 8: in the final phase of the disease, genital herpes on the penis looks like the effects of chickenpox. Edema almost subsided, redness is found only in the area of the vesicles.
The popular point of view that supposedly most diseases “come from the nerves”, in the case of herpes, takes on a specific meaning. Not only has the insidious virus found refuge in the spinal ganglia (nerve nodes), it is also responsible for the emergence of the strongest internal suffering of a person.
Here is a typical example. Her husband has secondary (recurrent) herpes, which is why intimate relationships are impossible. But, as soon as the man recovers, herpes appears at the wife - such is the unexpected reaction of a person who for a long time wanted intimacy, but was afraid to get infected, for whom both kiss and hug were forbidden.
Psychosomatics explains the causes of the so-called “post-business trip” illness: the husband spends a lot of time traveling, and when he is finally at home, his wife, who had long dreamed of meeting, has rashes on her genitals.
In order not to live in fear that this will happen again and again, and you can’t get rid of problems on your own, you should definitely consult a doctor.
Herpes on the genitals - the photo above - is always accompanied by pain and itching in the focus of infection. The patient may experience general malaise, and swelling and numbness of the tissues, fever may occur.
How is genital herpes manifested in men and women
The clinical picture of the disease can be dramatically different in each case, it all depends on gender, individual characteristics of the body and a person’s lifestyle.
Common signs of herpes in the groin in men and women are characterized by itching and burning in the genital area. Moreover, the development of the disease begins with the usual redness. If the therapy is not started in time, small blisters appear, which subsequently tend to merge with each other, forming large groups of vesicles with a clear liquid inside, which is the main source of infection.
Symptoms of a Primary Infection
The objects of damage are the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals, the vagina, the surface of the cervix, the uterus, the skin of the anus, the mucosa of the final section of the rectum, and the urethra.
The location of the elements of the rash is most often represented by the skin of the perineum, labia and vulva in women, red flesh and the head of the penis in men.
The skin of the anus is also quite often affected. Herpes is less common in the vagina, on the cervix, in the urethra.
Factors of transmission are saliva, genital tract, semen. The mode of transmission is any kind of sexual relationship.
After the virion enters the mucous membrane or epithelium of the skin of the genital organs, the pathogen is adsorbed, and its outer shell is destroyed.
Pathogen DNA enters the epithelial cell and, using the human genome, reproduces its copies of the genetic material.
Then, new viral particles are assembled, and the affected epithelial cell dies. New viruses attack new epithelial cells.
The virus lasts outside the human cell for only 4 hours. This explains the rarity of the domestic infection mechanism.
But the ability of the pathogen to tolerate low temperatures leads to the fact that it remains in biological secretions for up to 6 hours.
After 18 hours from the first contact, herpes reaches the intercellular spaces, lymph and blood flow.
Clinging to the nearest nerve trunk, the pathogen reaches the paravertebral ganglia of the lumbar region.
The virus persists for life in nerve cells. With exacerbations, it penetrates into the nearby nerves, and most often it turns out to be the genital nerve.
How does herpes appear on the genitals
Most often, a herpetic rash affects the groin and directly the genitals. Since there are a lot of lymph nodes in the groin, genital herpes (photo 4) may not be limited to local manifestations - a significant proportion of patients experience a deterioration in general condition, weakness and weakness. Genital herpes looks like islands of rash, in the center of which are crowded vesicles filled with liquid, and a little at a distance, on the periphery there are single rashes. All of them are on hyperemic edematous skin and are painful when touched. In its development, herpes goes through all stages - rashes, maturation and resolution of the disease, when the vesicles turn into crusts and heal.
In some cases, it is possible atypical herpes (photo below page) on the genitals is a disease in which the standard local symptoms are not manifested, so there are difficulties with the diagnosis. Discharges with genital herpes, which proceeds atypically, are absent, the classic rash is also not visualized. Patients suffer only a deterioration in overall health, pulling back pain. Female genital herpes can provoke the appearance of thrush and pain during urination, similar to cystitis.
The risks of getting herpes
Each person to a certain extent always has herpes - this virus is a priori present inside the body and only waits for the right time to manifest itself visually. However, some people get to know the virus especially closely. So, most often homosexuals, people with black skin, women and faces with other types of sexually transmitted diseases fall on the pictures of genital herpes.
Stages and their symptoms
There are 4 main stages of genital herpes, each of which differs from the others in its symptoms and ways of manifestation.
- The initial stage or stage 1 of development. During this period, there is a slight reddening of the mucous membrane of the external genital organs. Soon itching, burning, discomfort. If urgent treatment is not started, the disease goes into the second stage.
- Second phase. It is characterized by the appearance of bubbles with a clear liquid inside. They cause itching and discomfort. Squeezing them is not worth it to avoid infection of other parts of the body.
- Third stage. At this time, the blisters begin to spontaneously open, releasing infected contents. After that, ulcers form on the affected area of the skin, which do not heal for a long time, causing severe pain.
- The fourth or last stage. The period of complete healing of wounds is a long process that can last from 2 weeks to 1.5 months (it all depends on the individual characteristics of the body and its ability to regenerate cells). At this time, a person needs to be extremely careful, since the risk of relapse of the disease is especially high.
Genital herpes can be confused with diseases of both infectious nature and non-infectious etiology:
Course of the disease
In men, genital herpes has a rapid and acute development, generally resembling a cold or FLU. The temperature rises to 37-38 degrees, the man feels tired and headache, and rashes appear on the penis. Lymph nodes located in the inguinal region are enlarged and can hurt on palpation. In the acute course of herpes, the tissues around the penis usually itch heavily, and the patient may notice a burning sensation on the penis.
An infection center forms on the skin of the penis: the skin in this place turns red, swells and itches, and after a few hours it becomes covered with vesicles with a clear liquid. After a few days, the vesicles burst, and in their place ulcers appear, covered with a light bloom, similar to pus, and quite painful when touched.
It is also possible to detect genital herpes in a laboratory study using one of the methods - ELISA or PCR. Unfortunately, the UIF and RNIF methods still used do not give a clear picture and are outdated in comparison with newer counterparts. It is pointless to look for antibodies to genital herpes virus in a laboratory study: in the chronic course of the disease, their presence will only confirm this diagnosis, but will not indicate the degree of activity of the viral infection or its effect on skin rashes.
Symptoms and signs: how is it manifested
Quite often, the disease is asymptomatic, it is possible to do without rashes and without bubbles. If the virus is strong and active, you have to observe the following manifestations of the disease:
- muscle pain in the hips, lower back, pelvic region,
- feeling of general weakness, malaise,
- frequent urination with unpleasant tingling sensations,
- burning sensation between the legs, itching, skin itching,
- lymph nodes increase in the groin,
- on the mucous membranes of the genitals and on the skin appear first - redness, and then - vesicles.
In rare cases, patients may have a fever.
Further symptoms are as follows: the vesicles open, and in their place weeping ulcers appear, which are quickly drawn in by crusts. After the crusts fall away, traces of them may remain on the skin.
Symptoms, treatment and photos of herpes on the head in men are collected in a separate article. Information on the treatment of cold sores on the labia can be found here.
Symptoms of herpes type 2 in women and men
Affecting not only the surface of the skin, herpes type 2 (photo 5) extends to the mucous membranes of the genitals. In some cases, in patients herpes in the intimate zone passes to the anal area. It is impossible to identify the type of virus by symptoms, this requires special tests. Herpes type 2 virus gives severe symptoms for five to six days, while a herpes rash only appears and grows in size.
Locally, herpes of the second type (photo below) at the initial stage is manifested by itching and redness in the genital area, locations of the future rash turn red, pain and hyperthermia, swelling are felt. The loose vesicles have a different character - they are located both crowded and on the periphery, vary in size, mainly do not merge with each other.
The fluid inside the vesicles is transparent, only after a time when the herpes virus dies, the fluid suppurates, and the vesicles burst. Such content is practically not contagious, despite the contents of the first days of the development of pathology. After the integrity of the bubbles is broken, crusts of dried contents and blood remain on the surface.
Genital herpes in men (photo)
Clinical manifestations can be divided into 2 phases:
- Primary disease. In the first case of the disease in the male, the main symptoms are redness of the external genital organs, their swelling, burning and pain, followed by the appearance of a rash on the penis and foreskin.
- Relapse. With repeated manifestation, the symptoms of the disease are not so pronounced. The first signs are more like flu - fever, weakness, and malaise. After 1-2 days, bubble rashes appear.
What genital herpes looks like in men can be seen in the photo.
Herpes on the genitals in women after the transferred primary form is periodically exacerbated. Provocateurs:
- neurosis and stress
- sexual intercourse
- excessive insolation or hypothermia,
- exacerbation of other infectious diseases,
- interventions (termination of pregnancy, diagnostic invasive procedures, operations, insertion of a spiral, etc.)
The second type of virus provides more frequent exacerbations.
In the process of exacerbation, elements of the rash appear in those places where they formed for the first time.
- the prodromal period before the rashes lasts 2-3 days, there is pain in the perineum of the shooter, a burning character,
- typical elements are formed on the mucous membranes or skin of the genital organs - vesicles or erosion,
- the period of the rash is no more than three to five days,
- the total duration of exacerbation is up to ten days.
Depending on how herpes looks on the genitals, atypical varieties are distinguished:
- blurred course: persistent itching, genital burning, prolonged profuse discharge, which are difficult to treat, in addition, only local edema of the vulva and redness can be noted,
- hemorrhagic form: the contents of the vesicles are impregnated with blood, ulcers are deep and deforming, leave scars,
- itchy form: herpes on the labia minora and the vestibule appears in the form of itching and repeated deep cracks in the mucosa,
- subclinical: superficial cracks and itching on the vulvar mucosa.
According to severity, the infection is divided into:
- mild (1-3 relapses throughout the year),
- average (4-6),
- heavy (10-12).
- The first stage - only the skin of the labia and perineum, vulva are involved.
- The second stage is the vaginal walls, cervix, cervical canal, urethra.
- The third stage is the endometrium, ovaries, bladder.
To cure herpes and reduce the level of discomfort in a man’s life, a variety of drugs are prescribed:
- Antiviral agents acting directly on herpes vibrios. For example, doctors often prescribe acyclovir and similar drugs for their patients for 14 days.
- Drugs designed to increase the man's body's resistance to infections and strengthen immune defense. Most often, ascorutin (or vitamin C), arbidol and other substances that contribute to the production of interferons in the body of a man appear in the recipe. They must also be taken for at least 14 days.
- To eliminate inflammation and swelling of the tissues of the penis, patients are prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs: nimesil, indomethacin, diclofenac.
- To remove the general clinical picture of the disease, symptomatic therapy is prescribed: drops from a runny nose, Teraflu soluble powders, paracetamol or ibuprofen to lower body temperature. This treatment is relevant in the early days of the disease.
- On the head of the penis and other areas affected by genital herpes, creams and ointments containing acyclovir, for example, zovirax, pencivir, are used. To reduce itching, antihistamines are used in the form of ointments: fenistil or soventol.
What to do if genital herpes is diagnosed?
In case of infection with herpes, it is necessary to start taking Acyclovir preparations (Valaciclovir, Famciclovir) as soon as possible. Drink Acyclovir tablets must be at least 5 days in a dose of 200 mg five times a day.
Avoid aggravating factors, treat concomitant sexually transmitted infections, and rule out a chaotic sexual lifestyle.
With frequent exacerbations, immunomodulating therapy is used. If the infection is severe, use long-term treatment regimen with Acyclovir.
Genital herpes in women and men leads to secondary immune deficiency, which leads to an aggravation of other genital infections.
Consequences in women are chronic infectious diseases of the cervix, endometrium of the appendages.
Herpes simplex potentiates the effect of papillomavirus and provokes dysplasia and cervical cancer. In men, chronic infection leads to prostatitis. Herpes on the genitals is also dangerous because it predisposes to HIV infection.
Prevention of genital herpes
Preventive measures against viral infection can be divided into two directions:
- measures to enhance immunity,
- measures to prevent infection.
During relapses of the disease or even the first signs of the disease from sexual life, the use of common household items and unwashed hands, it is advisable to refuse: do not risk the health of loved ones.
Condom alone cannot protect itself from cold sores: at risk are all human skin. If the sexual intercourse took place, but there are doubts about the presence or absence of the herpes virus in the partner, within two hours after sex, the man can treat the genitals and the skin around them with a solution of betadine as an emergency measure, which must be washed off after 15-20 minutes.
To strengthen the immune system, you must regularly engage in sports and lead an active lifestyle, eat right and add foods rich in vitamins to the diet. However, this will not be enough to prevent infection with herpes: use a condom, be faithful to your regular partner and check with your doctor regularly
Types and stages
By the nature of the onset and development of the disease, 4 types of genital herpes are distinguished:
- in the first case (meaning primary infection), the patient had no contact with the virus carrier before, antibodies were not developed in his blood, infection occurs for the first time,
- in the second case (secondary infection), herpes is already present in the body, there are antibodies, but infection with the genital virus occurs for the first time,
- the third type is recurrent (typical or atypical), associated with the activation of an already existing genital virus in the body,
- the fourth type is asymptomatic.
There is also a classification based on the duration of symptoms. The disease can occur:
- arrhythmic - remission and exacerbation succeed at different time intervals, from 20 days to six months,
- monotonous - the intervals between remission and exacerbation are almost the same, usually 3-4 months,
- decaying - the length of the period of remission is becoming longer, and the active symptoms disappear.
The disease in its development goes through a number of stages. They can be distinguished by symptoms:
- redness, rash, burning appear (this occurs within 3-4 days),
- rashes, merging, are converted into vesicles filled with liquid contents - first transparent, and then darkening (5-7 days),
- the bubbles burst, ulcers form that can bleed, the burning sensation is replaced by painful sensations (3-7 days), if the disease is neglected, new vesicles will appear in the place of unhealed wounds and the disease will last for a long time (up to 2-3 months) term
- ulcers are covered with scabs that fall off on their own, it is not recommended to tear them off, otherwise scars may form in their place (the healing process lasts 5-10 days).
Genital herpes photo gallery
Herpes video playlist (video selection in the upper right corner)
Primary genital herpes
The duration of incubation development leaves from 2 days to 2 weeks and is asymptomatic.
- In the prodromal period, general and local symptoms gradually increase - temperature, malaise, chills, white discharge.
- When rashes form grouped vesicles 1-3 mm, sometimes they spread to healthy areas.
- The period of reverse development and stabilization is characterized by clouding of the vesicles and their opening, in the place of which weeping erosions and ulcers 1 mm deep are formed.
- Healing period. Extinction of all signs and symptoms. Erosions are covered with a crust, which disappear and do not leave scars.
All stages of development last up to 1.5 months.
What genital herpes looks like in women can be seen in the photo.
What can it be confused with
The complexity of the diagnosis is due to the fact that the virus affects each person in different ways: if his opponent is weak, the symptoms are pronounced, if they are strong, the symptoms may be fuzzy or absent altogether.
Most of the questions arise when other infections join the genital herpes - fungal, bacterial, viral, in which case it is difficult to identify the true culprit of troubles without laboratory tests.
What can confuse genital herpes with? A person who does not have a medical education will first of all suspect the most unpleasant thing - a sexually transmitted disease. Doctors will see similarities with diseases such as:
- allergic reaction,
- food poisoning,
Features of GH in men
IT'S IMPORTANT TO KNOW!
If you look at the photo of what genital herpes looks like in women and photos of genital herpes in men, you cannot find any external differences. However, for the male half, herpes virus is dangerous because it can cause urethritis and prostatitis.
When the disease is in the "bubble" stage, the doctor will easily diagnose as a result of a visual examination of the patient. What to do if there are no characteristic external signs yet? To pass the analysis and laboratory to examine biological samples for the presence of antibodies in the body - check the blood, examine the genetic material for DNA viruses. If the studies give a negative answer, it means that the patient’s condition did not deteriorate due to genital herpes, and further research is needed to find the true culprit of troubles.
Particularly accurate diagnostic methods include:
- PCR - a method of polymerase chain reaction (helps to identify fragments of the DNA of the virus),
- ELISA is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (based on the fact that the body remembers how it has already struggled with a similar ailment, therefore it will give a clear answer about whether the patient is infected or not, even in the absence of relapse).
This video will also tell about diagnostic methods:
Which doctor is treating?
If unpleasant symptoms appear on the male and female genital organs (rashes on the labia, pubis, anal, in the urethra, vagina), a specialist consultation is required.
An obstetrician-gynecologist examines women, a urologist-andrologist will help men to recognize the disease and prescribe treatment. You can also seek help from a dermatovenerologist or immunologist.
How much does it go through
If we exclude the danger of any complications, then genital herpes passes, even without treatment, in two weeks in men and in three - in women. A competent treatment regimen, a precisely selected medicine make it possible to reduce the most unpleasant period for the patient (with vesicles and sores) to five days.
It should also be borne in mind that the terms of treatment are very individual, and no antiviral drugs can completely cure the disease: the herpes that got into the body will remain in it forever, and the disease will become chronic - fortunately, asymptomatic in most cases.
Which doctor treats this disease
Herpes in the intimate area is usually treated at home, without hospitalization. But certainly - with medical participation.
Who to contact with such an intimate problem? Representatives of the stronger sex - to the urologist, women - to the gynecologist. And one and the other, if necessary, can be assisted by a dermatovenerologist. Consultations of an immunologist will also help, since the reasons for the activation of the herpes virus are always closely related to the weakening of the immune defense of the human body.
How to treat genital herpes in children and adults?
Treatment takes place in 2 stages:
- Identification of the cause.
- The appointment of antiviral drugs for external use, as well as drugs that help stop other provoking factors that contribute to the progression of the disease (vitamin deficiency, food allergy, etc.).
Only in this case, the therapy will be effective, because herpes is a dangerous disease that can cause a number of complications leading to the development of serious genital and genitourinary diseases (cancer of the cervix and prostate).
Genital herpes is treated with special ointments, in parallel with which antihistamines and vitamin preparations can be prescribed. In some cases, it is necessary to introduce restrictions on certain foods, which have become the root cause of the development of herpes infection in the human body.
As an independent treatment, folk remedies can not be used, but as an addition to medications prescribed by a doctor, it is desirable. From genital herpes can help:
- Lavender and geranium oil, diluted in water - for the preparation of lotions,
- tea tree oil - in the early stages of the disease,
- propolis - for the treatment of rashes, to prevent the spread of infection,
- apple cider vinegar - to wipe the rash, until ulcers form,
- decoction of birch buds - for lotions,
- aloe juice - as a bactericidal agent.
The most effective drugs for the fight against herpes viruses are antiviral ointments and tablets that have a high selective effect on herpes viruses with the active component acyclovir, valacyclovir, famciclovir, penciclovir, allostatin:
Ointments penetrate deep into the underlying tissue, acting directly on the causative agent of the disease. Medicines in the form of tablets fight the virus inside the body.
Ointments, gels and creams are applied a thin layer 3-5 times a day, although the exact dosage and the amount of ointment applied to the affected areas of the genitals can only be prescribed by the attending physician.
With erosion and wounds, it is recommended to use antiseptics (Chlorhexidine, Furatsilin solution, Miramistin) for the treatment of damaged areas.
In more severe cases, the doctor may prescribe immunomodulators that enhance immunity.
Effective treatment is achieved through the use of various pharmaceuticals - antiviral, antipruritic, immuno-strengthening. In situations where the underlying disease is accompanied by other infections and the patient's condition is serious, the doctor prescribes antibiotics.
Recommended antiviral drugs (tablets):
- Famciclovir (compared with Acyclovir, it has a higher absorption rate, so the recommended dosage may be less),
- Valacyclovir (sometimes used simultaneously with Acyclovir),
- Zovirax (not only tablets, but also cream),
- Cycloferon (possessing the properties of an antiviral drug and immunomodulator).
In addition, the doctor, depending on the task he performs, may prescribe:
- Valvir - to prevent infection of a healthy partner,
The ideal remedy would, of course, be a vaccine against genital herpes, but unfortunately it is not yet available. Herpevac vaccine is under development; pharmacists are hoping it will be an effective protection for people who have an active sex life. So far, it has been possible to reduce the risk of infection to 75 percent, and the drug has a better effect on the female body than on the male one.
Diet and proper nutrition
The goal of the herpes diet is to give the body strength to strengthen immunity, fight infection. It is not recommended to drink alcohol, coffee, strong tea. You should limit yourself to flour, sweet foods (chocolate, sugar, raisins), do not eat peanuts.
Useful for genital herpes: dairy and seafood, fruits that have vitamins, lean meat (for example, chicken). Cooking methods - steamed, in a slow cooker (in the mode of stewing and baking). Drinking should be plentiful.
Genital herpes in men and women - a complete clinical picture
Herpes on the genitals refers to sexually transmitted diseases. The first or second type of virus provokes the development of herpes.
This disease is the second largest among sexual diseases, and it is second only to trichomoniasis. It is not difficult to become infected, it is much more difficult to cure the disease, since the virus settles in the human body and goes into the latent phase, exacerbating from time to time. The use of this tool is advisable in case of manifestation of the primary symptoms of genital herpes (redness, itching, a feeling of slight tingling and pinching). Apply the paste exclusively to the skin. If signs of the disease were noticed on the mucous membrane of the genitals, then the use of this treatment method is dangerous! It is necessary to smear the toothpaste with a thin layer, then wait until it is completely dry, and gently remove it with a cotton swab or cosmetic disc moistened with an antiseptic solution. Perform manipulation until the alarm signs disappear completely. This area of medicine provides methods that minimize the number of relapses in a patient. The doctor is developing a special course of treatment, and quite a long one. Sometimes it involves taking antiviral tablets for a year. Suppressive therapy is applied to patients in whom an exacerbation of the disease is a debilitating reality that does not give prolonged respite. Thanks to this therapy:
It is not difficult to become infected, it is much more difficult to cure the disease, since the virus settles in the human body and goes into the latent phase, exacerbating from time to time.
The use of this tool is advisable in case of manifestation of the primary symptoms of genital herpes (redness, itching, a feeling of slight tingling and pinching).
Apply the paste exclusively to the skin. If signs of the disease were noticed on the mucous membrane of the genitals, then the use of this treatment method is dangerous!
It is necessary to smear the toothpaste with a thin layer, then wait until it is completely dry, and gently remove it with a cotton swab or cosmetic disc moistened with an antiseptic solution. Perform manipulation until the alarm signs disappear completely.
This area of medicine provides methods that minimize the number of relapses in a patient. The doctor is developing a special course of treatment, and quite a long one. Sometimes it involves taking antiviral tablets for a year.
Suppressive therapy is applied to patients in whom an exacerbation of the disease is a debilitating reality that does not give prolonged respite.
Thanks to this therapy:
The best result is the complete destruction of the virus, however, this is extremely rare and only with the operational (within 24 hours after infection) use of antiviral drugs - during this time the virus still does not have time to go into a latent state.
Cut a clove of garlic in half and wipe the reddened skin in the intimate area until the primary symptoms disappear.
It can not be used to treat herpes if it appears on the head of the penis in men and on the mucous membrane of the vagina in women.
How to cure a disease in children
The well-known children's doctor Yevgeny Komarovsky is sure that it is almost impossible to protect a child from the virus, it is transmitted from parents who, for example, had a cold on their lips. A child who falls ill after mom and dad will easily transfer the infection from the face to other parts of the body. According to the well-known pediatrician, you can help the baby by strengthening his immunity, tempering, and not coiling, encouraging him to play sports.
If the child gets sick (and children suffer genital herpes more difficult than adults), you must definitely seek medical help. The doctor will select drugs that are appropriate for both the age and condition of the young patient, and may prescribe injections. Among the drugs that are prescribed for children: Acyclovir, Groprinosin, Gerpevir, Zovirax, Arpetol, Neovir. They help get rid of itching: Claritin, Tsetrin, Fenistal. At temperatures exceeding 38.5 degrees, they begin to give antipyretic drugs.
Tansy decoction for oral administration
Tansy relieves inflammation, promotes healing and prevents the appearance of new rashes.
How to cook a decoction:
- 2 tbsp. l chopped dry plants pour 1 tbsp. boiling water
- put on a small fire and boil a quarter of an hour,
- after cooling, strain the resulting broth.
- take 3 times a day, 50 ml.
What is dangerous: consequences and complications
The consequences of the disease (especially if recovery occurred without medical supervision) are:
- dry skin and mucous membranes on the genitals,
- the development of various bacterial infections,
- the spread of the papilloma virus,
- persistent neurosis, depression,
- aching pains that capture the lower abdomen, perineum,
- diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, urethritis).
For women, the consequences of a poorly treated disease are especially dangerous, there is a threat of infertility, cancer.
You can find out what kind of mononucleosis is this link.
We wrote more about the causes, symptoms, methods of treating herpes on the face (forehead, chin, cheeks) here.
With treatment methods, preventive measures, photos of candidal stomatitis in adults and children can be found here: https://udermatologa.com/zabol/stoma/gribkovyj-kandidoznyj-stomatit-foto-lechenie/
Infusion of Melilotus officinalis
A good remedy for heavy herpetic eruptions.
- 1 tbsp. l fresh herbs (1.5 dried) pour 500 ml of boiling water,
- insist 2 hours
- filter the cake
- take 50 ml three times a day.
Among medications, a key role for antiviral drugs. They should be used as early as possible, preferably in the first forty-eight hours after the onset of symptoms. This will help to cope with the manifestation of the disease at the stage when the amount of viral particles can be suppressed with drugs.
Among the drugs, Acyclovir, Valaciclovir, and Famciclovir have the best activity. They are taken in tablet form so that the daily dose taken is 1 g (or 1000 mg). It is very easy to calculate, focusing on the dosage indicated on each drug. The frequency of administration is two to three times a day.
Acyclovir and Famciclovir
An effective treatment for genital herpes is the use of local drugs on the genitals. With rashes, you can fight with antiviral ointments - "Herpevir", "Acyclovir", "Zovirax". They lubricate the affected surfaces of the genitals several times a day.
As immunomodulators, you can take "Imunofan", "Panavir", "Galavit", "Tiloron" and other drugs. Symptomatic drugs are used if necessary, if the course of the disease was complicated by fever.
Galavit and Tiloron
Nutrition for genital herpes
Patients are advised to pay attention to their nutrition. It is important to exclude alcohol, spicy foods, smoked meats, sticks, sweet and fried from your diet.
Preference should be given to: seafood, dairy products, vegetables and herbs (onions, lemon, garlic, ginger, potatoes), meat, fish, eggs, soy and wheat foods, as well as seaweed.
During pregnancy, women are recommended to eat more foods rich in vitamins, minerals and lysine.
Among the traditional medicine that can fight the disease, doctors do not recommend using a single remedy, since traditional methods do not heal the virus as such.
It makes sense to use fortifying drugs to increase immunity in order to avoid the development of relapse. In this regard, cranberry fruit drinks, echinacea tincture are recommended for patients.
Food should include citrus fruits, onions and garlic, ginger, mummy.
Treatment of genital herpes
Do not attempt to open the vesicles yourself. In certain cases, it is indeed possible to achieve a speedy recovery, but this increases the risk of infection in other parts of the body.
If you nevertheless resorted to a similar technique, then you must immediately apply cotton wool or a special sterile cloth moistened with alcohol or alcohol tincture of medicinal plants (mint, chamomile, motherwort, hawthorn) to the wound, and carry out the procedure with gloves.
Possible consequences and complications
Common complications include:
- weakening of immunity,
- susceptibility to viruses, fungi, bacteria,
- peripheral nervous system dysfunction,
- bowel movement problems.
Genital herpes negatively affects the excretory system, negatively affects fertility:
- For women. Damage to the uterus, appendages, bladder, intestines, purulent discharge with fever. Frequent relapses lead to cancer of the internal organs.
- For men. Damage to the urethra, head, foreskin, scrotum and inner thigh. There are problems with bowel movements, constipation.
- For pregnant. During pregnancy, primary herpes is especially dangerous for the fetus. This leads to an abortion and intrauterine infection of the unborn child with an infection, followed by damage to the internal organs and central nervous system. In chronic forms, the mother develops immunity.
Manifestations of genital herpes in women
Genital herpes in women is a widespread viral erosive and ulcerative disease of the genital organs.
Infection is ubiquitous and plays an important role in the impossibility of reproductive function, as well as in the development of serious cervical pathologies.
Genital herpes exacerbates the course of other genital infections and significantly affects a woman's quality of life. The issue of reducing recurrence of the disease does not lose its relevance.
Causes and ways of infection
photo genital herpes in women
Genital herpes in women in gynecology occupies a leading position among infectious and inflammatory diseases of the reproductive tract and is the cause of chronicity of various infections, as well as infertility and pathology of the cervical epithelium. The cause of the genital form is herpes simplex virus type 2, but often type 1 virus is also diagnosed (HSV2 and HSV1).
- Genital herpes in women often remains unrecognized with insufficient diagnosis of infectious diseases, as it proceeds subclinically.
- Asymptomatic carriage of the virus provides up to 70% of cases of transmission of genital herpes, since the absence of vivid symptoms does not create restrictions in sexual relations.
- The virus is transmitted:
- Sexually. Infection occurs during any type of sexual contact with a patient with genital herpes or with a carrier.
- By autoinoculation. In the presence of viral vesicles on the face, the pathogen can be introduced by hands on the genitals.
- Contact-household way in the presence of virions on general hygiene items (more often implemented in children).
Damage is necessary for the introduction of the pathogen into the skin: small cracks, abrasions, scuffs are enough to get infected.
The pathogen penetrates into the mucous membranes freely, which is why women become infected with unprotected sexual contact much more often than men - the area of open and accessible mucous membranes is larger. Herpes in the intimate zone in women affects all areas of the skin and mucous membranes.
In clinical practice, it is customary to distinguish:
- the first episode of genital herpes,
The greatest number of relapses is noted after the initial infection, then, exacerbations are recorded less often, but asymptomatic carriage is noted.
Where is genital herpes in women?
The first signs of the disease manifest themselves in those places where the virus first introduced. The area of the primary manifestation of genital herpes coincides with the places of recurrence of rashes most often.
As a rule, patients suffering from exacerbations of a viral infection already feel and know by a certain set of signs that symptoms will appear soon.
Herpes type 2 in women is described by more massive rashes and a larger lesion area. The first type is easier.
- In addition, the severity and consequences of the infection are determined by the extent of involvement of the mucous membranes of the female genital organs.
- The more rashes are localized on the mucosa, the harder the disease progresses and more often complications form.
- Based on the localization of rashes, the disease is classified as follows:
- damage to the genitals and urogenital tract,
- inflammation of the anus and rectum.
In women, typical places for rashes are:
- external genitalia
- vulva and vestibule of the vagina,
- skin on the pubic part, in the groin,
- in the perineum
- on the walls of the vagina and on the surface of the cervix,
- skin of the anus, buttocks and mucous membrane of the rectal ampoule.
Herpes of the bladder and urethra is diagnosed less often. It is manifested by pain during urination, blood in the urine, fever, pain in the projection of the bladder.
Symptoms of genital herpes in women
The incubation period lasts from 2 to 10 days and is determined by the massive seeding of the skin and mucous membranes. In addition, the presence of integrity disorders also accelerates the first appearance of symptoms of genital herpes in women.
Objective clinical signs include typical and atypical manifestations. Among the typical symptoms are:
- women have paroxysmal pain along the genital nerve, which is burning, shooting, piercing, worse at night, as well as during sexual contact,
- redness, swelling and itching occur on the affected area of the skin or mucous membrane. Depending on the area where the virus is introduced, this process appears on the labia minora, on the pubis, on the clitoris, in the area of entry into the vagina, in the area of the anus, on the buttock, and perineal skin,
- single or multiple vesicles in these areas, their contents are transparent, the base is hyperemic. The vesicles continue to itch. Herpes in the vagina and on the cervix is manifested by pain during intercourse, since it is impossible to visualize edema, hyperemia and vesicles independently,
- the vesicles open, which leads to the formation of a painful sore. Erosion is covered with a gray coating, surrounded by a red rim. If a secondary infection joins, ulcers become covered with purulent plaque,
- with primary infection, the lymph nodes in the groin with herpes on the genitals increase, in the process of relapses - not always.
Atypical forms are described by the following features:
- local edema and redness forms on the genitals, and the rash does not form. In this case, pain is present,
- periodically recurring cracks on the mucous membrane of the vulva, which heal for a week,
- hemorrhagic form is described by an accumulation in blood vesicles,
- the abortive variety is characterized by the formation of an itchy spot on the skin of the external genitalia, buttocks, and perineum, which lasts for 3 days,
- subclinical form includes the short-term occurrence of a small ulcer or crack in the mucosa, accompanied by mild itching.
Subjective signs, which may be symptoms of other gynecological pathologies, include:
- itching, burning during urination, pain in the lower abdomen,
- mucopurulent vaginal discharge in vaginal herpes,
- fever, headache, nausea, muscle pain, as signs of intoxication, as a rule, are noted in the initial episode of infection.
With each subsequent exacerbation, the severity of symptoms decreases.
- Relapses of type 2 herpes on the genitals in women occur more often than with type 1 infection.
- Since herpes appears on the cervix with insignificant objective symptoms, often this disease remains undiagnosed.
- The moment of exacerbation of genital herpes is not always possible to detect during a gynecological examination, since obvious signs - vesicles and erosion - are visible with a direct exacerbation.
- A woman does not always consult a gynecologist in the presence of pain during intercourse, but the appearance of bloody discharge from the area of ulcers most often makes you turn to a gynecologist.
- Often, a woman learns about genital damage when passing a smear for PCR during the examination.
Infection proceeds in varying degrees of severity and this is determined by the number of relapses per year. In the event that the genital form of herpes worsens more than 5-6 times a year, then this course is considered severe and an occasion for treatment and immunocorrection.
Most often, the infection recurs up to 3 times a year, but in some patients, herpes appears monthly. In reviews, women often note the appearance of relapses on the eve of the next menstruation.
The danger of genital herpes
photo genital herpes in women
Herpes on the genitals can be dangerous for a woman:
- Viral infections, including herpes, lead to a significant decrease in local vaginal immunity, in particular, they stop the growth and reproduction of lactic acid bacteria. With the progression of vaginal dysbiosis, genital herpes leads to easier penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the female genital tract. Further, infectious and inflammatory processes are chronicled.
- Herpes and infertility in women are inextricably linked, namely the formation of a tubular-peritoneal form of impossibility of conception. Against the background of frequent activation of herpetic infection, pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the endometrium, fallopian tubes, leading to their inflammation. In addition, the virus can independently lead to damage to the higher parts of the reproductive tract, for example, adnexitis, endometritis.
- The probability of infection of a child during childbirth with exacerbation of genital herpes is very high, which ends with a severe course of viral infection in a newborn child. If the woman's primary infection with the genital form of herpes occurred during gestation, the virus penetrates the fetus due to the lack of protective immunoglobulins.
Herpes of the cervix along with HPV accelerates the development of dysplasia and transformation into cancer. Some experts note the role of the herpes simplex virus in the development of cancer of the ampulla of the rectum.
How to get rid of a virus?
Patients care how to get rid of genital herpes and is it possible?
It should be noted that the virus circulates for life in the nerve cells of the host, periodically ensuring relapse of the infection. Therefore, the treatment of genital herpes in women is aimed at reducing the number of relapses.
Since genital herpes in women worsens due to immunodeficiency, treatment is aimed at increasing the overall resistance and cellular immune response. And relapse is directly treated with antiviral agents.
They are also resorted to with very frequent exacerbations, since a severe course of infection can be treated only by reducing the replication of the virus, and not just by immunomodulators.
Treatment of herpes of type 1, 2 is mandatory accompanied by therapy for concomitant gynecological pathology. It is very difficult to reduce exacerbations without normalizing the vaginal handicap.
In addition, normal vaginal biocenosis prevents the negative effect of genital lesions by the virus on the cervical epithelium, and also prevents an ascending infection.
How to treat exacerbation of a viral infection?
To speed up recovery, you should start taking acyclovir preparations as soon as possible. For treatment, use one of the means:
- 200 mg acyclovir (one tablet) five times a day for five days,
- Valaciclovir 500 mg 2 times a day for 10 days for primary infection and for 5 days for relapse,
- Famciclovir 250 mg 3 times a day for 5 days at primary infection, 125 mg twice a day with exacerbation (5 days).
Severe course requires taking antiviral medications for 4-12 months.
In other situations, the doctor individually selects immunomodulating therapy. The goal is to reduce the number of exacerbations. Use drugs and inducers of interferon, Polyoxidonium, Levamisole, Timalin, Ingavirin, Likopid, Roncoleukin. As part of anti-relapse therapy, some experts use immunoglobulin against HSV 2.
To normalize the cellular immune response, a herpes vaccine for women is used, for example, Vitagerpavak, Gerpovax. Vaccination is appropriate only in the absence of symptoms.
Locally use antiviral ointments with acyclovir, and to accelerate healing - Solcoseryl, Panthenol, Melyluratsil ointment. You can cauterize the bubbles with any alcohol-containing agent.
When pronounced plaque processing is carried out with hydrogen peroxide. Itching can be stopped with Pox-spray, Kalamin.
It is forbidden to use vaginal baths in the treatment of douching, since irrigation of the vagina with solutions can lead to the spread of the virus.
Supportive care involves taking B vitamins, omega-3 acids, and antioxidants.
Details about genital herpes and features of this genital infection
A cold on the lips scares people a little, but the genital herpes makes many nervous, despite the fact that it is caused by the same virus - Herpes Simplex (herpes simplex) or in another way HSV (herpes simplex virus). In this article, we will examine how this virus manifests itself in the genital area in men and women, what is the incubation period of the virus, how much it goes through in certain forms, and what can be confused with.
Causes of the disease and its causative agents
The causative agent of genital herpes and the cause of its occurrence in the form of a virus is HSV (herpes simplex virus). There are two types of them, but what type in genital herpes affects the genitals is not entirely obvious.
Most write that genital herpes is caused by HSV of the second type, and HSV of the first type causes a cold on the lips. This is not entirely true, since types 1 and 2 of HSV differ more in the frequency of rashes, rather than localization.
HSV type 1, can affect almost any part of the body, as well as HSV type 2, so modern doctors say that type 1 HSV gives fewer relapses than type 2 HSV, and this is their difference.
So, what is genital herpes, we figured out, now let's look at how genital herpes is transmitted:
- contact transmission method, by touching the skin with damage to healthy skin,
- with sex, and with any kind of sexual intimacy,
- from mother to fetus during pregnancy,
- household way, through items such as a toilet bowl and more.
First, you need to know that genital herpes during the initial infection can pass without symptoms. Secondly, you need to understand that after infection, a herpetic infection will become chronic and will not appear until there is some kind of malfunction in the body of the carrier, which will create favorable conditions for the relapse of the disease.
And now, in order about the transmission of genital herpes:
- Contact transmission of genital herpes and HSV pathogen through the skin. The pathogen can be transmitted through the skin only if the carrier has recurrent genital herpes. That is, when it appears directly at the time of transmission. When there is a herpetic rash, especially in an acute form, on any part of the skin, touching the skin of a healthy person is very easy to transmit the virus to a new body.
- When having sex. The virus is genital in order to spread easily through sexual intercourse, therefore genital herpes is partly considered a sexually transmitted disease. It is very easily transmitted through any kind of sexual contact, through oral sex, anal and vaginal. And if you have a cold on your lips, having oral sex, there is a very big risk of infecting your partner.
- From pregnant to fetus. It is only important to understand here that the primary danger to the fetus will be the primary infection of the mother during pregnancy, and pathologies in the development of the fetus may occur. Relapses of genital herpes during pregnancy can also be dangerous. But this is a big and separate topic, so if you are worried about this issue, we recommend that you read the article in detail - genital herpes during pregnancy.
- In the household way. Yes, and this is possible. It is believed that the herpes virus can live on household items for up to 30 minutes. But it is extremely unlikely to contract HSV in such circumstances. Of course, in some cases this can happen if you attend public baths or saunas, but still the most common method of infection is through sexual intercourse, namely unprotected sex.
Primary genital herpes occurs by transmitting the virus from a carrier to a person whose body has not yet encountered the herpes simplex virus. Accordingly, the new organism does not have specific antibodies to suppress herpetic infection, but symptoms of genital herpes are not always manifested. But let's look at cases when primary genital herpes still gives symptoms.
Accordingly, the new organism does not have specific antibodies to suppress herpetic infection, but symptoms of genital herpes are not always manifested.
But let's look at cases when primary genital herpes still gives symptoms.
If we talk in general about the manifestation of genital herpes and symptoms that can occur in both women and men, it is worth highlighting the discomfort during urination, sometimes discharge from the genitals and inflammation of the lymph nodes in the inguinal region are possible. The incubation period of genital herpes during the initial infection lasts about a week.
Treatment and prevention
If in general to analyze the treatment of genital herpes, then it is worth highlighting several groups of drugs:
- antipyretic drugs to treat symptoms,
- painkillers, also if pain symptoms are present,
- immunostimulants and interferons,
- antiviral agents.
In general, the treatment of HSV localized on the genitals occurs individually. In order to more accurately draw up a treatment plan, you need to visit a venereologist's doctor.
After all, accurate medication is needed, which will depend on the presence of certain symptoms of the patient, as well as on the severity and form of the disease.
But if you still want to get acquainted with the methods of treating genital herpes in more detail, we advise you to read the article - treatment of genital herpes.
For the prevention of genital herpes, if you are sure that everything is in order with your body and you are not a carrier, it is recommended to protect yourself with condoms during sexual intercourse. But this does not give 100% protection, because there is a possibility of infection through the skin, which cannot be closed. Therefore, it is worthwhile to carefully monitor sexual hygiene.
Prevention of genital herpes in the fight against relapse is aimed at maintaining a healthy lifestyle and the immune system. In addition to immunodeficiency due to the struggle of the body with other diseases, HSV can manifest itself in conjunction with frequent stressful situations, so you need to take care not only of physical health, but also of emotional.
Complications of genital herpes most often occur in women. They can affect not only the genitals, but also give serious neuralgic consequences.
If you touch on the consequences of genital herpes in women, then it is worth highlighting the following local complications:
- Hypersensitivity of the genitals, namely their mucous membranes before mechanical stress. As a result, cracks form that can bleed and hurt a lot.
- There may be serious lesions of the labia in the adhesion area behind, as well as no less painful lesions of the vaginal entry site.
If we talk about what is dangerous genital herpes for the body as a whole, it is necessary to highlight the nervous system, which very often suffers from herpes viruses. Since the virus lives in the ganglia of nerve endings with complications, it can give serious consequences of a neurological nature.
So, now we figured out what genital herpes looks like and what to do if you find it. It must be remembered that self-medication is by no means possible, especially if herpetic eruptions do not go away for a long time or frequent relapses are observed. In this case, consult a doctor immediately. And do not forget about prevention methods.